GEOGRAPHY SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS3

Geography as a subject is concerned with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth’s surface. Below is the scheme of work containing the topics which learners at the senior secondary three level are expected to learn from the subject.

GEOGRAPHY SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS3 FIRST TERM
1. Earth Internal Process (Earth’s Quakes)
Definition of earth quakes and explanation of terms (origin,
tremor, epicenter, and shock waves)
Causes and region of earthquakes
Effects of earthquakes (displacement of earth’s crust, rising and lowering of coastal rocks, rising and lowering of ocean flows,
landslides and cracks, etc

Activities: The teacher:– Use elementary films to guide discussions on (meaning, origin/focus of earthquakes, causes of earthquake, earthquake regions and their characteristics features, effects of earthquakes on earth’s environment
– Supervise and guide student to visit earthquake regions
Students:
– Watch documentary films
– Listen attentively to teachers explanation, ask questions and
answer questions
– Draw and insert earthquake regions on a world map
Instructional Material :
– Documentary, Video films, world Map, Diagrams and sketches,
Drawing paper, Tracing Paper, stencil.
2. Volcanicity:
Meaning, processes (crystal disturbances, Intrusion and
extrusion, eruption and emission,etc) and regions of occurrence.
Characteristic features of
landform in regions:
Intrusive features/landforms
Extrusive features /landform
Teacher :
– Use documentary films to guide discussions on (volcanicity
processes, volcanic regions of the world
– Intrusive features/landforms in volcanic regions, extrusive
features and effect of volcanicity
– Supervise and guide the students
Students :
– Watch documentary films
– Listen attentively to teacher’s explanation, ask questions and
answer questions
– Draw and insert volcanic regions on a world map.
Instructional Material :
– Documentary, Video films, world Map, Diagrams and sketches,
Drawing paper, Tracing Paper.
3. Karst (Limestone) Topography
Meaning and characteristics of karst topography
Surface features of karst regions
Teacher :
– Takes students for field experience of karst regions (where possible)
– Use simple experiments, pictures,Teacher :

Underground features and importance of karst topography
maps and documents
– Helps and guides discussion on surface and underground water
Students :
– Go on field experience where possible
– Watch documentary films
– Listen attentively to teacher’s demonstration, explanation, ask
questions and answer questions
– Draw diagrams of karst regions
Instructional Material :
– Samples of limestone, Documentary, Video films, pictures, Map,
4. Denudational Process
Meaning , types (weathering and mass movement)
sequence and factors affecting denudation.
Weathering: Definition and factors affecting it.
Types of weathering, physical and mechanical weathering
Teacher :
– Uses pictures, films and models to explain the meaning of
denudation.
– Takes students on field work
– Guide class discussions on denudaional processes and
factors affecting it.
– Guide and supervise students on field work.
Students :
– Watch documentary films
– Participate in class discussion and guided field work
Instructional Materials :
Films, pictures, models, diagrams and sketches. Quarry sites
5. Denudational Processes Cont.
Weathering : Chemical weathering
Mass movement or mass wasting.
Definition and factors affecting it
Types and effects of mass movement
Teacher : – Takes students on field work to observe weathering effects
– Use pictures, films and models to explain the meaning of weathering
– Guide and supervise students
Students :
– Participate in field work
– Watch documentary films, ask and answer questions.
– Draw sketch diagrams showing effects of weathering in landforms
Instructional Materials :
Films, pictures, models, diagrams and sketches. Drawing paper.
6. Climatic Change
Meaning and causes(human and natural causes); human
causes/green house effect, ozone layer depletions,
chloro-floro carbon (CPC) gasses, carbon emission and deforestation and gas flaring
Natural causes: movement of continents(plate tectonics, solar output of radiation, variation in the orbit of the earth, volcanism, ocean variability, etc)
Consequences (effects) of climatic change. Melting of
ice carps, high rain fall, increasing temperature, submergence of coastal cities
Teacher :
– Use documentary /pictures to explain climatic changes on
human environment.
– Discuss causes and consequences of changes on human environment.
– Give examples of observed consequences (Lagos and Port-
Harcourt etc)
– Guide students to identify preventive measures/remedies to
the problem
Student :
– Watch documentary films
– Listen to teacher, ask and answer questions
– Participate in class discussion
Instructional Materials :
– Documentary films, posters, photographs, model, government
publications e.g environmental protection laws.
7. Climate change Contd.
Consequences (effects) of climate change; desertification, flooding, drought, eye contacts, etc
Solutions (Remedies) to climatic change: afforestation, re
afforestation, zero carbon, emission
Solution to climate change: population reduction, legislation etc.
8. Satellites Remote sensing
Definition of the concepts
Remote Sensing, satellite
(Nigeria’s Sat 1, 1 KONOS, SPDT, RADAR, NICON, SAT 1, ERs- 1, etc) and satellite remote sensing.
Application of satellite remote.
Teacher :
– Explains the following with examples- Remote sensing, satellite e.g Nigeria Sat1, IKONOS, SPOT, Radar, NICOM SAT 1, ERs -1, etc. satellite remote sensing
– Takes students on field work sensing; forest environment,
agriculture, telecommunication, transportation, emergency
responses, etc
Relationship between GIS and remote sensing.
– Supervising students on field work
– Guide discussion on application of remote sensing and the
relationship between GIS
Students :
– Go on field work
– Listen to the teacher, ask and answer questions
– Participate in class discussions
– Write reports
Instructional Materials:
Slides, satellite images, multimedia CD on satellite, posters etc.
9 Geographic Information system (GIS)
Areas of use: defence and agriculture
Area of use: Urban development and mapping
Area of use: surveying, transportation and census
Teacher :
– Explain the applications of GIS in various activities like agriculture, defence, mapping, urban development, etc.
– Initiates and guides class discussion on problems militating
against implementation in Nigeria
Students :
– Listen to the teacher, ask questions and answer questions
– Participate in class discussion
Instructional Materials:
Slides, satellite images, multimedia CD on GIS published materials.
10 Problems with GIS Implementation in Nigeria
– Power problem
– Personal problem
– Capital (cost of software and hardware)

11 Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Meaning, member countries and purpose/mandate of
ECOWAS
Achievements/advantages of ECOWAS
Problems of ECOWAS and their solutions.
Teacher :
– Explain the meaning of ECOWAS
– Gives students assignment on the internet to obtain information
on ECOWAS member states purpose and mandate, merits and problems of ECOWAS
– Guide class discussion and supervise students visit to internet cafe
Students :
– visit internet café, write reports of their findings
– Participate in class discussion.
– Draw a map of West Africa and insert the countries on the map
Instructional Materials:
Slides, diagrams and sketches, internet, documentaries, drawing
paper tracing.
12 Revision Revision
13 Examination Examination
14 Examination Examination

GEOGRAPHY SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS3 SECOND TERM

1. Trade :
Definition and types of trade
(national and International)
Reasons for trade
Importance of trade (social, political and economics.
Activities: Teacher :
– Takes students to visit places where trading of different types
take place
– Uses documentaries , illustrations, pictures and photographs
– Guide class discussions
Students :
– Watch films on world trade centres
– Listen to teacher ask and answer questions
– Participate in class discussions
Instructional Materials :
– Documentary films, markets, banks, maps etc.
2 Tourism (World)
Meaning of tourism /tourist centers
Justification for tourism(leisure, recreation and education) and importance of tourism.
Problems of tourism and their solutions.
Teacher :
– Takes students to visit recreational facilities in the locality.
– Uses documentaries , illustrations, pictures and photographs to
explain
– Helps students to locate world tourist centres
– Guide class discussions
Students :
– Visit recreational centres, watch films, listen to teachers, ask and answer questions.
– Participate in class discussions, locate tourist centres on maps.
Instructional Materials :
– Documentary films, diagrams pictures, maps etc.
3 Agriculture in Nigeria:
Cattle rearing in Nigeria: Areas of cattle rearing, consumption areas, factors that favour cattle rearing, importance and problems.
Fishing : Meaning, fishing areas, methods of fishing and types of fishes caught.
Importance of fishing, problems of fishing in Nigeria and
their solutions
Teacher :
– Takes students on field work to observe Fulani cattle rearers
where possible.
– Uses maps, pictures, documentaries, films and slide to
guide class discussion.
– Guide and supervise students as they draw the map of Nigeria
– Asses students field work reports.
Students :
– Participate in outdoor activities
– Make reports/record of observations
– Identify and classify various items
– Participate in class discussions
– Draw maps of Nigeria and insert the major area of production
Resources; maps, illustrative diagrams and sketches, pictures and slides, documentaries etc.
4-13 Revision and Examinations

For those who don’t have learning materials for this subject, do note that fully developed lessons on this scheme will be made available here shortly. So stay connected to myschoollibrary for update learning. Good luck as you make your way to higher institutions of learning.